The Great Plains is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie states and east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States and Canada.This area covers the entirety of the states of Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota and North Dakota and parts of the states of Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming, Minnesota, Iowa and the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys.Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.Cuvier established amongst the scientific community the fact of extinction.Evolution only gained significant momentum after the theory of evolution, published by Charles Darwin in November 1859, implied that man was merely another product of life on earth, with origins shared by the other creatures and not its ultimate purpose. Wallace proposed the same theory at a joint presentation to the Linnaean Society in London .
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After the Civil War, the population of Kansas grew rapidly when waves of immigrants turned the prairie into farmland.
By 2015, Kansas was one of the most productive agricultural states, producing high yields of wheat, corn, sorghum, and soybeans.) is the 15th-largest state by area and is the 34th most-populous of the 50 states with a population of 2,911,641. Mount Sunflower is Kansas's highest point at 4,041 feet (1,232 m).
The term "Great Plains" is used in the United States to describe a sub-section of the even more vast Interior Plains physiographic division, which covers much of the interior of North America.
It also has currency as a region of human geography, referring to the Plains Indians or the Plains States.